This site is devoted to mathematics and its applications. Created and run by Peter Saveliev.

Linear operator

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A linear function preserves vector operations:

  • scalar multiplication: $f(ax) = ax$, and
  • addition: $f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y)$.

A linear operator is determined by its values on the elements of the basis of the domains space, as they are expressed as linear combinations of the elements of the basis of the target space. The coefficients of these linear combinations form the columns of the matrix of linear operator.

Kernel of projection:

Kernel of projection.jpg

Theorem 1. If $M, L$ are vector spaces and $A: M → L$ is a linear operator, then $$M / \it{ker} A ≌ \it{im} A.$$

See kernel of linear operator (and image).

Theorem 2. If Y is a subspace of vector space X, then $$\it{dim} X / Y = \it{dim}X - \it{dim}Y.$$

See dimension of vector space.